What Is HIPAA Compliance?
HIPAA stands for Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act. The act was introduced by congress in 1996 and was signed by President Bill Clinton in 1996. The reason this act was introduced to modernize the flow of healthcare information. And set codes and specifications to protect Personally Identifiable Information maintained by the health care organizations and health care insurance companies. It was made sure under this act personal data and health records should be protected, safeguard and should kept confidential to secure them from fraud and theft, and address limitations on healthcare insurance coverage
The act consists of five main titles and these are mentioned as follow:-
Title I: It protects health insurance coverage for employees and their families when they change or lose their jobs.
Title II:- This title is known as administrative Simplification (AS) provisions, requires the establishment of national standards for electronic health care transactions and national identifiers for providers, health insurance plans, and employers.
Title III: – HIPAA’s title III sets codes and specifications for pre-tax medical spending accounts.
Title IV:- Tile IV lay out codes for health plans.
Title V:- Governs company-owned life insurance policies.
How to Be HIPAA Compliant?
To achieve HIPAA compliance, a covered entity must follow all the major HHS compliance laws. They should protect Protected Health Information in physical and electronic form and at the same time individual should have access to his or her personal data. HIPAA compliance and its rules also control how organizations and employees interact with that PHI information of patient or individual, and what to do in case of a breach. In case if an organization fails to comply with HIPAA then they can be slapped with heavy fines and penalties for violations.
What Rules Must I Follow?
To comply with HIPAA, organizations must follow the regulations in the following 3 rules.
- The Privacy Rule
- The Security Rule
- The Breach Notification Rule
Other rules like Omnibus Rule, an Enforcement Rule, the HITECH Act, and standards governing HIPAA transactions.
HIPAA Policies and Procedures and Documentation Requirements
All organizations and agencies must take reasonability and appropriate policies and actions to fulfill the provisions of the Security Rule. A covered entity must uphold, until 6 years after the later of the date of their formation or last effectual date, written security policies and measures and written records of vital actions, activities or assessments.
• Updates: Organizations must regularly review and update its documentation in response to environmental or organizational changes that affect the security of ePHI.